are many designs available for building your own solar panels
completely from scratch; solar
cells are quite difficult for
the average homeowner to construct though. This doesn’t mean that you
still build smaller solar collectors completely from scratch; just
don’t expect to power your entire home off of these. All solar cells
work with a photoelectric effect, which means that light causes
electricity to flow through the material. Any material that
photoelectric properties is able to generate solar power.
great option for building solar panels is to buy cheap used solar
cells, and construct your own panels to attach them to.
panels can then be mounted onto your roof or installed wherever you
wish. Just be sure to inspect each panel thoroughly to ensure it is
built strong and sturdy enough to withstand the weather in your area.
for Building Solar Panels
- Consider your location
- Finding used solar cells
- Repairing damaged solar
- Constructing the solar
deciding to build your own solar panels, the first thing you need to
consider is your location.
The area you live in will determine the
effectiveness of any solar array you install. If you live in an area
that is predominantly cloudy, your solar output will be severely
diminished, so it may be best to consider your other options before
devoting your time and large chunk of your property to a large solar
You can do a survey of
your property to decide the best location
for your solar panels, although the roof is normally the best option.
Just because you live in a cloudy area doesn’t mean your solar panels
still can’t help with contributing electricity to your home, but just
don’t have expectations about them granting you complete energy
Used Solar Cells
There are many
places where you can find used solar cells, and although these cells
may be slightly damaged, they are still a great way to cheaply produce
your own solar panels. You can search online and come up with hundreds
of used panels on eBay or Craigslist, although always be cautious about
purchasing these online unless they come from a reputable source. Some
used panels may be damaged to the point that their output is only a
tenth of what it once was.
Another great place to find used
solar panels is in your
own neighborhood or town. Look around for any
places that use solar panels, and inquire as to what they do with their
Solar panels are quite
expensive to dispose of, which
means that many companies will gladly sell or even give away their used
panels to save themselves the large disposal fees. Always be sure to
check any used solar cells with a multimeter
to determine their energy
output before installing them in your panels. Cells with small cracks
or chips can easily be repaired, which may increase their energy output.
Damaged Solar Cells
you install any used solar cells in your panels, be sure to inspect
them closely for any signs of damage. Smaller chips and
cracks can be
fixed with epoxy or solder. Cells which are browned will usually not be
able to be repaired, however they can still produce a decent energy
output, so always test any used cells you find to determine whether
they are worth using or trying to repair.
you have all of your used solar cells on hand, you are ready to start
building your solar panels themselves. The first step is to build the
panel on which you’ll attach your solar cells. You can build the panel
to any size you wish, and it should be large enough to easily fit all
of your solar cells.
You may want to keep the panels smaller
to make them easy to move around and install by yourself. The panel
should be build out of lightweight but sturdy plywood.
you have cut your board to the desired size, it’s necessary to drill
holes in the board where the wiring for each individual solar cell will
go through. Then you can use a strong glue to attach the solar cells to
the panel, making sure to carefully thread the wiring through the holes
After you have attached
the solar cells to your panels, the final step is to cover the panels
with glass or plastic. You can have a piece of plexiglass cut at your
local hardware store to fit your panel. This can be screwed directly
onto the board, and then you should seal around the screw holes and the
edges with silicon. This will keep the cells from being further damaged
by rain or wind.
final step is to wire all of the solar cells together, which should be
done by someone with technical knowledge about electrical components.
Once wired, you can test the output of your panel with a multimeter to
determine how much energy your homemade solar panel will produce.
important thing to keep in mind is the
weight of your solar panels. You
want them to be made of materials that are strong enough to withstand
the effects of the weather, but the panels still need to be lightweight
so they can be easily moved around during the installation phase. After
you have attached the solar cells to your panels, the final step is to
panels with glass or plastic.
This will prevent the
cells from being further damaged by rain or wind. Another important
aspect of the solar panel is the battery. It’s important that you
choose the appropriate battery for your panels so that you can still
use you power even when the sun isn’t shining. The batteries will store
up any excess power that is generated, so that even during a storm or
nighttime, you can still use the energy created by your solar array.
Your Homemade Solar Panels
you have built your solar panels, the final step is to install them so
they can start producing free, clean energy. Your solar panel arrays
should always be installed either on
your roof or in an open area so
that they can receive maximum exposure to the sun’s rays. The panels
should always face south and they should be installed so that the angle
can be adjusted according to the season, so as to maximize their
electrical output throughout the year.
When it’s time to
connect all of the final wiring, it’s probably best to hire a
professional electrician. This way you can be sure that
panels are wired correctly, providing you with maximum output. It’s
also important to consult
your local building codes, as it may be
necessary to have a building permit and an inspection before installing
solar panels on the roof of your home or possibly anywhere else on your
property. A licensed electrician can give you all of this information
when you call to inquire about the wiring of your solar panels.